EVALUATION OF HIPS (ROSA MAJALIS HERRM.) GATHERED ON THE COAL OPENCAST DUMP IN THE KEMEROVO REGION
ТЕХНИКА И ТЕХНОЛОГИЯ ПИЩЕВЫХ ПРОИЗВОДСТВ
The relevance of the research is determined by the necessity to study medicinal plants growing on dumps of coal opencasts in the Kemerovo region in order to assess the possibility of expanding the resource base and to provide the region with valuable natural plant raw materials. The object of the research is dried hips ( Rosa majalis Herrm .), gathered in 2013-2014 from two territories: on the Kedrovsky opencast dump and a relatively «ecologically clean» plot. The quality of medicinal plant raw
... material has been evaluated by numerical, ecological and hygiene indices. The standard methods of research and analysis of experimental data have been applied. The analysis of the numerical indices of the quality of hips as a raw material (humidity, total ash, quantitative content of ascorbic acid, organic acids) has shown that the plant raw material meets the requirements of FS 38 «Fructus Rozae» GF of the X1 edition and GOST 1994-93 «Hips. Technical conditions». The comparative analysis of numerical indices of hips from the experimental and control territories has not revealed significant differences. These indices are within close limits. The content of radionuclides (Sr-90, Cs-137) in hips grown on dumps does not exceed hygienic standards according to TR CU 021/2011 and SanPin 22.214.171.1248-01 (for Sr-90). The analysis of experimental data on the content of heavy metals (Hg, Pb and Cd) has shown that this type of material does not meet the safety requirements of TR CU 021/2011 in Cd, the content of which exceeds the permissible level by 1.7 times. In this connection, more research is needed to study the content of this element in hips ( Rosa majalis Herrm. ), taking into account different micro reliefs of the dump and the analysis of statistical data in dynamics over the years.