Implementation of Polar WRF for short range prediction of weather over Maitri region in Antarctica
Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences
India Meteorological Department has implemented Polar WRF model for the Maitri (lat. 70 • 45 S, long. 11 • 44 E) region at the horizontal resolution of 15 km using initial and boundary conditions of the Global Forecast System (GFS T-382) operational at the India Meteorological Department (IMD). Main objective of this paper is to examine the performance skill of the model in the short-range time scale over the Maitri region. An inter-comparison of the time series of daily mean sea level pressure
... sea level pressure and surface winds of Maitri for the 24 hours and 48 hours forecast against the corresponding observed fields has been made using 90 days data for the period from 1 December 2010 to 28 February 2011. The result reveals that the performance of the Polar WRF is reasonable, good and superior to that of IMD GFS forecasts. GFS shows an underestimation of mean sea level pressure of the order of 16-17 hPa with root mean square errors (RMSE) of order 21 hPa, whereas Polar WRF shows an overestimation of the order of 3-4 hPa with RMSE of 4 hPa. For the surface wind, GFS shows an overestimation of 1.9 knots at 24 hours forecast and an underestimation of 3.7 knots at 48 hours forecast with RMSE ranging between 8 and 11 knots. Whereas Polar WRF shows underestimation of 1.4 knots and 1.2 knots at 24 hours and 48 hours forecast with RMSE of 5 knots. The results of a case study illustrated in this paper, reveal that the model is capable of capturing synoptic weather features of Antarctic region. The performance of the model is found to be comparable with that of Antarctic Meso-scale Prediction System (AMPS) products. (lat. 70 • 45 S, long. 11 • 44 E) was constructed in 1990. Recently, India has constructed another new base called 'Lawrence Hills', located at lat. 69 • 24 S, long. 76 • 11 E. The new base is now named as 'Bharati'. Antarctica (Schwedtfeger 1984) is the coldest, windiest, highest, driest, and iciest continent on Earth. The general circulation pattern has the winds moving coastward from the polar plateau, turning left under the effect of the Coriolis force and merging with the coastal polar easterlies. Katabatic flow of Antarctica region is well known for producing extremely strong sustained winds.