Re-interventions following appendectomy in children: a multicenter study
Reintervenciones tras apendicectomía en niños. Estudio multicéntrico

M.D. Blanco Verdú, D.J. Peláez Mata, A Gómez Sánchez, A Costa i Roig, E Carazo Palacios, S Proaño, I Diéguez Hernández-Vaquero, J Ordóñez Pereira, M Fanjul Gómez, R Morante Valverde, I Cano Novillo, J.J. Vila Carbó (+1 others)
2022 Cirugía Pediátrica  
Acute appendicitis is the most frequent cause of acute abdomen in children. The objective of this study was to analyze the causes, approach, and results of complications requiring surgery following appendectomy. A retrospective study of the appendectomies conducted in three third-level institutions from 2015 to 2019 was carried out. Complications, causes, and number of re-interventions, time from one surgery to another, surgical technique used, operative findings at baseline appendectomy
more » ... ng to the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) classification, and hospital stay were collected. 3,698 appendicitis cases underwent surgery, 76.7% of which laparoscopically, with 37.2% being advanced (grades II-V of the AAST classification). Mean operating time was 50.4 minutes (49.8 ± 20.1 for laparoscopy vs. 49.9 ± 20.1 for open surgery, p > 0.05), and longer in patients requiring re-intervention (68.6 ± 27.2 vs. 49.1 ± 19.3, p < 0.001). 76 re-interventions (2.05%) were carried out. The causes included postoperative infection (n = 46), intestinal obstruction (n = 20), dehiscence (n = 4), and others (n = 6). Re-intervention risk was not impacted by the baseline approach used (open surgery or laparoscopy, OR: 1.044, 95% CI: 0.57-1.9), but it was by appendicitis progression (7.8% advanced vs. 0.7% incipient, OR: 12.52, 95% CI: 6.18-25.3). There was a tendency to use the same approach both at baseline appendectomy and re-intervention. This occurred in 72.2% of laparoscopic appendectomies, and in 67.7% of open appendectomies. The minimally invasive approach (50/76) was more frequent than the open one (27 laparoscopies and 23 ultrasound-guided drainages vs. 26 open surgeries) (p < 0.05). 55% of obstruction patients underwent re-intervention through open surgery (p > 0.05). Re-intervention rate was higher in advanced appendicitis cases. In this series, the minimally invasive approach (laparoscopic or ultrasound-guided drainage) was the technique of choice for re-interventions.
doi:10.54847/cp.2022.02.14 pmid:35485754 fatcat:h4cvb3wvbjdmhbui6z3vyccsiq