Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor increases the synthesis of leukotriene B4 by human neutrophils in response to platelet-activating factor. Enhancement of both arachidonic acid availability and 5-lipoxygenase activation
Journal of Immunology
Granulocyte-macrophage CSF (GM-CSF) primes human neutrophils for increased functional responsiveness to a variety of inflammatory agonists. In the present report, we have investigated the effect of human GM-CSF on the ability of platelet-activating factor (PAF) to induce the synthesis of 5-lipoxygenase products in human neutrophils. Human neutrophils stimulated with PAF in the range of 10(-5) to 10(-7) M for 15 min released small quantities of leukotriene B4 and its omega-oxidation products,
... OH- and 20-COOH-leukotriene B4 in amounts that were detectable by enzyme immunoassay. Preincubation of normal peripheral blood neutrophils with human rGM-CSF enhanced the synthesis of the 5-lipoxygenase products in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Treatment with GM-CSF enabled their detection in response to lower concentrations of PAF (greater than or equal to 10(-9) M). The PAF receptor antagonist BN52021 inhibited the synthesis of 5-lipoxygenase products by GM-CSF-treated neutrophils in response to PAF. In addition to its effect on PAF-induced leukotriene synthesis, GM-CSF also augmented intracellular calcium mobilization by PAF. This observation prompted us to examine the effect of GM-CSF on two calcium-dependent events that are essential for leukotriene synthesis, arachidonic acid liberation, and 5-lipoxygenase activation. GM-CSF by itself, did not directly activate either of these two processes, however, it consistently and markedly enhanced the ability of PAF to do so. These results indicate that preincubation of peripheral blood neutrophils with GM-CSF enhances the ability of PAF to stimulate leukotriene synthesis by increasing both arachidonic acid availability and 5-lipoxygenase activation in response to PAF. These observations provide additional evidence of an important role for GM-CSF in the modulation of inflammatory responses to endogenous agonists through enhancement of the production of potent cellular inflammatory mediators such as leukotrienes.