Effect of carrier selection on immunogenicity of protein conjugate vaccines against Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoites

J U Que, S J Cryz, R Ballou, E Fürer, M Gross, J Young, G F Wasserman, L A Loomis, J C Sadoff
1988 Infection and Immunity  
Conjugate vaccines against the sporozoite stage of Plasmodium falciparum were synthesized by covalently coupling the recombinant protein R32 {with the one-letter amino acid code of MDP-[(NANP)15NVDPJ2LR} to tetanus toxoid, cholera toxin, choleragenoid, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa toxin A. Conjugates were produced by using adipic acid dihydrazide as a spacer molecule and carbodiimide as a coupling agent. The molar ratio of R32 to carrier protein ranged from 2.5:1 to 8.4:1. These conjugates were
more » ... und to be stable, nontoxic, and nonpyrogenic. When adsorbed onto Al(OH)3, all conjugates were capable of inducing anti-R32 antibody. Conjugates made with either cholera toxin or Pseudomonas aeruginosa toxin A were significantly more immunogenic than those constructed with tetanus toxoid or choleragenoid. However, the magnitude of the immune response to the R32 moiety was not governed by the antibody response to the carrier protein. (M, methionine; L, leucine; R, arginine).
doi:10.1128/iai.56.10.2645-2649.1988 fatcat:mjsfehk3zvav7noyq457fwnprq