Implementing internet- and tele-based interventions to prevent mental health disorders in farmers, foresters and gardeners (ImplementIT): study protocol for the multi-level evaluation of a nationwide project
Farmers are a vulnerable population for developing depression or other mental health disorders due to a variety of risk factors in their work context. Beyond face-to-face resources, preventive internet- and tele-based interventions could extend available treatment options to overcome barriers to care. The German Social Insurance Company for Agriculture, Forestry and Horticulture (SVLFG) implements several guided internet- and mobile-based interventions and personalised tele-based coaching for
... ased coaching for this specific target group provided by external companies within a nation-wide prevention project for their insured members. The current study aims to evaluate the implementation process and to identify determinants of successful implementation on various individual and organisational levels. The current study includes two groups of participants: 1) insured persons with an observable need for prevention services, and 2) staff-participants who are involved in the implementation process. The Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework and the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) will be used to track and evaluate the implementation process. A mixed-method approach will provide insights on individual and organizational level (e.g. degree of normalization, readiness for change) and helps to identify determinants of successful implementation. In-depth insights on experiences of the participants (e.g. acceptance, satisfaction, barriers and facilitating factors of intervention use) will be yielded through qualitative interviews. Focus groups with field workers provide insights into barriers and facilitators perceived during their consultations. Furthermore, intervention as well as implementation costs will be evaluated. According to the stepwise, national rollout, data collection will occur at baseline and continuously across 24 months. The results will show to what extent the implementation of the internet- and tele-based services as a preventive offer will be accepted by the participants and involved employees and which critical implementation aspects will occur within the process. If the implementation of the internet- and tele-based services succeeds, these services may be feasible in the long-term. German Clinical Trial Registration: DRKS00017078 . Registered on 18.04.2019.