A LOW-COST AND HIGH-YIELD PRODUCTION OF MAGNETITE NANORODS WITH HIGH SATURATION MAGNETIZATION
Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society (Print)
Nanopowders of single-crystalline rod-like magnetite have been synthesized in a glycerol-water system under hydrothermal condition by using the goethite (α-FeOOH) precursor. The influence of different reaction parameters on the morphology and composition of the products have been investigated. The structure, morphology and magnetic properties of the products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM)
... on microscope (TEM) and superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID). The results show that every as-prepared Fe 3 O 4 nanorod with diameter ca.70nm grows along the  direction which is one of easy magnetic axes of magnetite. The ratio of glycerol to water has a great effect on the purity at given temperature. Magnetic measurements indicated that the specific saturation magnetization (M s ) and coercivity values (H c ) of magnetite nanorods were 90 emu/g and 172Oe, respectively. An in situ dissolution-reduction-reassembling formation mechanism is recommended for as-synthesized magnetite nanorods.