Religion and the Struggle for ExistenceThe Social Basis of Religion. Simon N. Patten
The American Journal of Theology
THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF THEOLOGY against him. The new Prussian heresy law seems to have provided these securities in a measure. But the minister is not alone responsible for the theological ideas he holds. He has had teachers. Those are in a large measure right who affirm: "The peculiarly difficult point is the professorial question. However little the professors should and will be masters of the university student, the future and present pastors will yet be influenced by the high-school
... high-school teachers. If you do not want pastors of the critical theology, then you must remove the teachers of the critical theology from the theological faculties." Here appears the singular inconsistency of the ruling authorities of the Prussian church. Under the new heresy law they have inaugurated a heresy crusade against the liberal pastors, while they leave the far more liberal university professors untouched. The author has not pressed this point into the forefront of his discussion (and advisedly so, being of that order himself), but he has made the freedom and commanding influence of the university professors in the Evangelical church of Germany the standard of comparison for the pastor. The conclusion is not hard to draw: Be fair, be consistent; proceed against the university professors as you have against the pastors (a thing not likely to take place), or grant the pastors equal freedom with them. Such seems to be the dilemma into which the ecclesiastical authorities are being pressed by the apologists for a liberal theology in the German Church. ERRETT GATES The sixth book in the "American Social Progress Series, "' makes a wide appeal to the students of today. The author relates his work to the pragmatistic movement in philosophy, and it will be of value to the students of philosophy of religion. It is, however, a study of the development of an ideal or normal human race, from the standpoint of biology as an evolutionary system, and of economics, and seeks to show what religion should contribute to such development, and what the doctrines of religion would be, which would best make such contribution. I The Social Basis of Religion.