Biomechanical influence of the surgical approaches, implant length and density in stabilizing ankylosing spondylitis cervical spine fracture
AbstractAnkylosing spondylitis cervical spine fractures (ASCFs) are particularly unstable and need special consideration when selecting appropriate internal fixation technology. However, there is a lack of related biomechanical studies. This study aimed to investigate the biomechanical influence of the pattern, length, and density of instrumentation for the treatment of ASCF. Posterior, anterior, and various combined fixation approaches were constructed using the finite element model (FEM) to
... mic the surgical treatment of ASCFs at C5/6. The rate of motion change (RMC) at the fractured level and the internal stress distribution (ISD) were observed. The results showed that longer segments of fixation and combined fixation approaches provided better stability and lowered the maximal stress. The RMC decreased more significantly when the length increased from 1 to 3 levels (302% decrease under flexion, 134% decrease under extension) than from 3 to 5 levels (22% decrease under flexion, 23% decrease under extension). Longer fixation seems to be more stable with the anterior/posterior approach alone, but 3-level posterior fixation may be the most cost-effective option. It is recommended to perform surgery with combined approaches, which provide the best stability. Long skipped-screwing posterior fixation is an alternative technique for use in ASCF patients.