1904 The American Journal of Nursing  
Typhoid Bacilli in the Pieces and Urine of Typhoid Convalescents.-The Interstate Medical Journal, St. Louis, says: "Herbert (Muenchener Medicinische Wochenschrift) examined, the excretions of ninety-eight convalescents from typhoid, the urine two hundred and twenty-eight times and the faeces two hundred and sixteen times. Typhoid bacilli were found in the urine of eighteen per cent, of the eases and in the faeces of three per cent, of the cases. They were present in very large numbers in the
more » ... ne and in very small numbers in the faeces. In the cases in which the findings were positive, four were severe, eleven moderate, and three very light. It is of great practical importance to know that the bacilli are so often found in the urine of convalescents during the first four weeks. The length of time intervening between the last day of fever and the disappearance of the bacilli from the urine is from eight to twentyseven days. In the second month of reeonvalescence, with one exception, the ex¬ cretions were free from typhoid bacilli." The Influence of Nursing upon the Frequency of Carcinoma of the Mamme.-In this very interesting essay the author has compiled all the accessi¬ ble statistics pertaining both to the frequency of carcinoma of the breast and the percentage of mothers nursing their children. These statistics, referring mainly to the conditions in Germany, include, however, a number of other European and foreign countries. A comparison of these statistics demonstrates the surprising fact that all those countries in which the nursing of the babies by their mothers is notoriously more in vogue show a smaller percentage of mammary cancer. It would seem that hypoplasia of the breast, due to a failure of proper use continued during generation, forms a predisposing factor in the development of a malignant growth.-L. Lehman (Inaug. Dissers. rev. Centralbl. fuer Gyn.). The Oats Cube in Severe Cases of Diabetes Mellitus.-At the last meeting of naturalists at Carlsbad, von Noorden submitted a short report show¬ ing the good results occasionally obtained by putting diabetic patients on an oatmeal diet. A further experience with over a hundred patients has served to confirm his previous conclusions. The oatmeal is boiled in water for a con¬ siderable length of time with the addition of a little salt. While boiling, butter and some vegetable albumen, or* after cooling off, beaten white of an egg, is added The usual daily dose at the beginning of treatment is two hundred and fifty grammes oats, one hundred grammes albumen, three hundred grammes butter. The broth thus prepared is given every two hours. In addition, a little brandy or wine and a little strong black coffee are allowed. After a longer or shorter course of this regimen, diabetic patients whose glycosuria had not ceased, even when they were put on a strict carbohydratefree diet, soon stopped excreting sugar. The return to a mixed diet must be made 850
doi:10.1097/00000446-190408000-00010 fatcat:4xyuyhnfvvdkhffrfynp7qqzyi