Betel vine: A green gold for sustainable economic upliftment in rural India
Abstract: Betel vine has immense nutraceutical, medicinal and economic importance with significant opportunity in employment generation and upliftment of socioeconomic conditions of rural peoples in India and also in other Asian countries, nonetheless; it has been neglected and poorly studied in various important aspects of betel vine so far. There is lack of substantial literatures regarding the cultivation and management processes and cost-benefit perspectives of betel vine farming along with
... farming along with so many other vital aspects, systematic identification of cultivars and conservation, complete screening of useful active phytomolecules and its beneficial implications, genetic and molecular characterizations, quality improvement, disease control, fertilizer and integrated farming, etc. The present study attempted to draw a picture on cultivation and management processes and cost-benefit perspectives of betel vine farming by directly collecting data from experienced farmers of an important betel vine producing district, Purba Medinipur, West Bengal, India. Study demonstrated a concise but practical account of cultivation, management and cost-benefit analysis of betel vine as data obtained from farmers of the investigated area. It has been observed from investigation that though, cultivation is labourious, it has highly beneficial cash crop potential compared to other cash crops having significant prospect in employment generation and socioeconomic development. Moreover, advanced researches can simplify hard and labourious cultivation process, improve the leaf quality, conserve cultivar, control disease, develop eco-friendly integrated organic based betel vine farming, protect post harvest damage and improve leaf marketing process. However, due to having immeasurable merits and national and international demands, it can be recognized as "green gold" and "household bank" for uplifting the rural economy.