Genesis dynamics of the Angola-Benguela Frontal Zone

Shunya Koseki, Hervé Giordani, Katerina Goubanova
2018 Ocean Science Discussions  
<p><strong>Abstract.</strong> A diagnostic analysis of the climatological annual mean and seasonal cycle of the Angola Benguela Frontal Zone (ABFZ) is performed applying an ocean frontogenesis function (OFGF) to the ocean mixing layer (OML). The OFGF reveals that meridional confluence and the vertical tilting terms are the most dominant contributors to the frontogenesis of the ABFZ. The ABFZ shows a well-pronounced semi-annual cycle with two maximum (minimum) peaks in April&amp;ndash;May and
more » ... mp;ndash;May and November&amp;ndash;December (February&amp;ndash;March and July&amp;ndash;August). The development of the two maxima of frontogenesis is due to two different physical processes: enhanced tilting form March to April and the meridional confluence from September to October, respectively. The strong meridional confluence in September&amp;ndash;October is closely related to the seasonal southward intrusion of tropical warm water to the ABFZ that seems to be associated with the development of the Angola Dome northwestern of the ABFZ. The strong tilting effect from March to April is attributed to the meridional gradient of vertical velocities whose effect is amplified in this period due to increasing stratification and shallow OML depth. The proposed OFGF can be viewed as a tool to diagnose the performance of CGCMs that generally fail in simulating realistically the position of the ABFZ, which leads to huge warm biases in the southeastern Atlantic.</p>
doi:10.5194/os-2018-80 fatcat:pvbrk4kytzba3f5qyqikol7wlq