Placement Optimization of UAV-Mounted Mobile Base Stations

Jiangbin Lyu, Yong Zeng, Rui Zhang, Teng Joon Lim
2017 IEEE Communications Letters  
In terrestrial communication networks without fixed infrastructure, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-mounted mobile base stations (MBSs) provide an efficient solution to achieve wireless connectivity. This letter aims to minimize the number of MBSs needed to provide wireless coverage for a group of distributed ground terminals (GTs), ensuring that each GT is within the communication range of at least one MBS. We propose a polynomial-time algorithm with successive MBS placement, where the MBSs are
more » ... laced sequentially starting on the area perimeter of the uncovered GTs along a spiral path towards the center, until all GTs are covered. Each MBS is placed to cover as many uncovered GTs as possible, with higher priority given to the GTs on the boundary to reduce the occurrence of outlier GTs that each may require one dedicated MBS for its coverage. Numerical results show that the proposed algorithm performs favorably compared to other schemes in terms of the total number of required MBSs and/or time complexity.
doi:10.1109/lcomm.2016.2633248 fatcat:2yntu6ms3bestjtnkzcz4laofi