Energy, Hamiltonian, Noether charge, and black holes

Dmitri V. Fursaev
1999 Physical Review D, Particles and fields  
It is shown that in general the energy ${\cal E}$ and the Hamiltonian ${\cal H}$ of matter fields on the black hole exterior play different roles. ${\cal H}$ is a generator of the time evolution along the Killing time while ${\cal E}$ enters the first law of black hole thermodynamics. For non-minimally coupled fields the difference ${\cal H}-{\cal E}$ is not zero and is a Noether charge $Q$ analogous to that introduced by Wald to define the black hole entropy. If fields vanish at the spatial
more » ... h at the spatial boundary, $Q$ is reduced to an integral over the horizon. The analysis is carried out and an explicit expression for $Q$ is found for general diffeomorphism invariant theories. As an extension of the results by Wald et al, the first law of black hole thermodynamics is derived for arbitrary weak matter fields.
doi:10.1103/physrevd.59.064020 fatcat:zglfctxmvbeinakg5brdc2erau