Violation of Local Detailed Balance Despite a Clear Time-Scale Separation [article]

David Hartich, Aljaž Godec
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Integrating out fast degrees of freedom is known to yield, to a good approximation, memory-less, i.e. Markovian, dynamics. In the presence of such a time-scale separation local detailed balance is believed to emerge and to guarantee thermodynamic consistency arbitrarily far from equilibrium. Here we present a transparent example of a Markov model of a molecular motor where local detailed balance can be violated despite a clear time-scale separation and hence Markovian dynamics. Driving the
more » ... m far from equilibrium can lead to a violation of local detailed balance against the driving force. We further show that local detailed balance can be restored, even in the presence of memory, if the coarse-graining is carried out as Milestoning. Our work establishes Milestoning not only as a kinetically but for the first time also as a thermodynamically consistent coarse-graining method. Our results are relevant as soon as individual transition paths are appreciable or can be resolved.
arXiv:2111.14734v2 fatcat:iylot7kq6zhgdi3qhwvq72deqy