Crowd modeling and simulation technologies

Suiping Zhou, Dan Chen, Wentong Cai, Linbo Luo, Malcolm Yoke Hean Low, Feng Tian, Victor Su-Han Tay, Darren Wee Sze Ong, Benjamin D. Hamilton
2010 ACM Transactions on Modeling and Computer Simulation  
Technical Support Working Group, USA As a collective and highly dynamic social group, human crowd is a fascinating phenomenon which has been constantly concerned by experts from various areas. Recently, computer-based modeling and simulation technologies have emerged to support investigation of the dynamics of crowds, such as a crowd's behaviors under normal and emergent situations. This paper assesses the major existing technologies for crowd modeling and simulation. We first propose a
more » ... nsional categorization mechanism to classify existing work depending on the size of crowds and the timescale of the crowd phenomena of interest. Four evaluation criteria have also been introduced to evaluate existing crowd simulation systems from the point of view of both a modeler and an end-user. We have discussed some influential existing work in crowd modeling and simulation regarding their major features, performance as well as the technologies used in these work. We have also discussed some open problems in the area. This paper will provide the researchers with useful information and insights on the state-of-the-art of the technologies in crowd modeling and simulation as well as future research directions.
doi:10.1145/1842722.1842725 fatcat:lhy74f24mvcnxhpxodsiph2yvi