The Energy Content of Extra Foods

Cornelia Golay Benedict, F. G. Benedict
1919 Boston Medical and Surgical Journal  
In an earlier paper1 we called attention to the importance of knowing the caloric content of cooked foods, particularly those served or taken away from the table and at other than regular meal times. The medical profession especially should, we believe, have its attention directed to the great significance and the extent of the calories in these extra foods, which are usually entirely disregarded in calculations of food eaten or food reported as eaten by the patient. This present report deals
more » ... th a group of materials very frequently eaten as extras, as incidental light meals, as ingredients of lunches, at picnics, spreads, and on automobile tours. We present herewith material dealing with olives and olive products, sardines, nuts, potato chips, doughnuts, confectionery (such as caramels, nougatines, chocolate almonds, peppermints, etc.), and, in view of their extensive consumption by children, we have determined and report here the. caloric content of a large number1 of candies popularly sold under the name of "penny goods, ' ' that is, sold in portions costing one cent each. We likewise include partial reports on cream cheeses, popcorn, and crackers, including pretzels, and finally, with a full recognition of the utter disregard commonly shown the open sugar bowl as1 a source of calories, we report the average helpings of gramüated sugar as measured by 17 members of the Nutrition Laboratory staff, as well as weights and sizes of various lump sugars. Sufficient evidence was presented in the first paper to show that very considerable amounts of energy are obtained in commonly served portions of these extra foods, as much as 500 calories, for example, being secured in a college ice or "sundae". Economic conditions have changed so rapidly that the actual cost per hundred calories or the number of calories for ten cents is at present only of secondary value. We still report certain cost values, however, fully recognizing that they are in no sense strictly comparable with values reported in our earlier paper, but feeling that they are not without significance as indicating the ease with which even children may secure a considerable number of calories at the cost of one cent.
doi:10.1056/nejm191910021811401 fatcat:rcrohsigfbclvdjdagkbkzyfyy