THE METHODS OF DEALING WITH THE MILK SUPPLY OF NEW YORK CITY

THOMAS DARLINGTON
1907 Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)  
the district must bring samples of milk for chemical and bacteriologic examinations. To the officer in charge of the laboratory they must furnish reports on score cards of all the dairies within their jurisdiction. These reports must be furnished in quadruplicate, one to be left with the dairyman, one to be mailed to the retailer, one for filing at the substation, and one to be filed at the central office. When such a laboratory is established, the inspectors must be given to understand that
more » ... understand that they are not altogether a police force, though having certain police pow-' ers. While their duty is that of protecting the milk supply of the city, they can best serve the interests of the city by teaching cleanliness in the production and handling of milk, the necessity for and rigid enforcement of an annual tuberculin test, for reporting and demanding the isolating of cases of infectious disease in the family of the dairyman and among his cattle, and also to guard against the introduction into the herd of animals untested by the tuberculin test. To every milk producer they must furnish illustrated booklets, where in the simplest language all the essentials of milk production and handling must he clearly set forth. Near every small city, and in connection with the substations of every large city, there should ultimately be provision for a small experimental farm cultivated fin the most intensive plan. At such a farm all the operations of dairy farming should be carried out for the benefit of the dairyman. These should include the preparation of the soil, drainage, tillage, preparation and selection of seed, planting, cultivation, harvesting, storing of grasses and grains, silos and silage, housing and care of cattle, milking, care of utensils, storage and shipment of milk, etc., all carried out on' a small scale after the latest and most approved methods. This work ought to be done on a small old place, a somewhat run-. down place being good for the beginning experiment, so that the farmer might actually see or learn by the records how the drainage and fertility of land had been increased. On such an old place, partly rebuilt, the farmer might learn how he could readapt his own premises to the needs of modern dairying if the state would but point the way. If the municipality desires to exhibit a fine plant, let it establish such a plant in one of the city parks. Dr. Joseph Eoby, of the Eochester Health Bureau, has suggested in a former paper that such a dairy plant might be established in connection with the park system of a city. In such a plant not only all advanced dairy operations might be carried out, but a day nursery with trained nurses in attendance could be established for babies, who on visiting the parks might be able to secure clean milk at cost, and where the mothers or nurses might see all the operations of advanced dairying, and so learn to demand cleaner milk for house delivery. We believe, however, that the plant in the country on a small farm, with old buildings that may be adapted by a small expenditure of money to the work of milk production, is most important. An expensive plant with new buildings would not appeal to the great army of small producers, and at present the small producer is the man on whom the city must depend for its milk supply. The problem for us is to show the small producer, the large producer and the dairyman, as well, how to produce clean milk at a profit without an expensive plant. If the state will only establish an experimental dairy, a fund might be furnished through private philanthropy to assist a few dairymen in starting the work of producing clean milk. Not only men, but women, especially trained nurses with a desire for country life, might find here an occupation for which their work and training in the hospitals would help to fit them. This plan is, of course, largely tentative, but it is so important to the infant, the parent and to the state that the old unscientific way of producing market milkmust give place to the newer and more scientific way of doing the work. Men endow chairs in universities, build and equip libraries, endow expeditions for astronomical, geological and geographical researches into remote regions and do many other things for the benefit of their fellows that involve the expenditure of thousands, even millions, of dollars. All this expenditure of vast sums of money is for teaching or for research. A few thousand dollars spent in aiding the establishment of demonstration dairies in public parks and on the outskirts of cities would do more for people than libraries or north pole research. It would help the work of the agricultural experiment station, help the farmer and the dairyman, and. with the assistance of the work of municipal milk stations, help to furnish clean milk for the babies that are to become the citizens • of the future.
doi:10.1001/jama.1907.25320130013001c fatcat:mombkfrjibhsfckpihip4d777e