The use of pressurized bladders for stress control of superconducting magnets
IEEE transactions on applied superconductivity
Abstracl-LBNL is using pressurized bladders in its high field snperconducting magnet program. Magnet RD3j a 14 Trace track dipole; has been assembled and pre-stressed using such a system. The bladder, placed between the coil pack and the iron yoke, can provide 70 MPa of pressure while compressing the coil pack and tensioning a 40 mm thick structural Aluminum shell. Interference keys replace the bladder's functionality as they are deflated and removed leaving the shell in 140 MPa of tension.
... MPa of tension. During cool down, stress in the shell increases to 250 MPa as a result of the difrerencc in thermal expansion between the Aluminum shell and the inner iron yoke. A number of strain gauges mounted onto the shell were used to monitor its strain during assembly, cool·down and testing. This technique ensures that the final and ma'"(imum stress in the shell is reached before the magnet is ever energized. The use of a structural shell and pressurized bladders has simplified magnet assembly considerably. In this paper we describe the bladder system and its usc in the assembly of a 14T Nb3Sn magnet.