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This paper describes a mechanism we call "SRED" (Stabilized Random Early Drop). Like RED (Random Early Detection) SRED pre-emptively discards packets with a load-dependent probability when a buffer in a router in the Internet or an Intranet seems congested. SRED has an additional feature that over a wide range of load levels helps it stabilize its buffer occupation at a level independent of the number of active connections. SRED does this by estimating the number of active connections or flows.doi:10.1109/infcom.1999.752153 dblp:conf/infocom/OttLW99 fatcat:zksw5ifvezccbfc3at4z6kjf7q