Presence of Alternatively Spliced-Estrogen Receptor mRNA Variants in Normal Human Uterine Endometrium and Endometrial Cancer
Presence of alternatively spliced-estrogen receptor (ER) mRNA variants has been revealed in the breast cancer tissues. The ER variants transcribed from these mRNA variants were supposed to cause changes in the estrogen responsiveness of breast cancer. Although uterine endometrial cancer also has an estrogen-dependent profile, these ER mRNA variants have not yet been reported in the tumor. In the present study, we attempted to detect the exon 7 deletion-(del.7-) and exon 5 deletion (del.5) ER
... etion (del.5) ER mRNA variants in normal human uterine endometrium (hEM) and uterine endometrial cancer tissue (hEC) by the use of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction-Southern blotting (RT-PCR-SB) with the PCR primers: hE4 (forward), hE6 (reverse), and hE8 (reverse), which were located in exons 4, 6, and 8, respectively. Two major products were generated from RNAs of both hEM and hEC with primers hE4 and hE8. The nucleotide sequence of the longer product was identical to exon 4-8 of human ER cDNA, whereas that of the shorter one completely deleted exon 7. Moreover, when the RT-PCR was done with the primers hE4 and hE6, the shorter product lacking exon 5 was detected with the longer one having the same sequence as exon 4-6 of human ER cDNA. Since the RT-PCR-SB with primers hE4 and hE8 produced a very low or undetectable level of the signals corresponding to del.5 ER mRNA variant, the level of del.7 ER mRNA variant seemed to be higher than that of del.5 ER mRNA variant. These results strongly suggested that both de1.7-and del.5 ER mRNA variants exist in the normal uterine endometrium as well as in endometrial cancer. The ER variants, possibly expressed in these tissues, may play a physiological and/or pathological role.