Effect of Rice-shaped Glucomannan Diet on Prevention and Improvement of Metabolic Syndromes in the Noto District of Ishikawa Prefecture in Japan

Noboru Hasegawa, Yasuko Kawasaki, Hikari Demura, Miyako Mochizuki
2013 Health Care  
Objective: To identify if Reg istered Dietitians (RD) change counseling practices between adult male versus female weight loss clients (i.e. sex b ias). Design: A web-based quantitative survey evaluated perceptions of best weight loss practices and client barriers t o change that are client sex specific. Setting: RD members of Weight Management Dietetic Practice Group were invited to complete the survey anonymously on -line fro m November to December 2011. Participants: The majority of the 86
more » ... s counseled more females than males. Variab les Measured: Sex-biased disagreements in RD perceptions of best practices for adult weight loss and client barriers to change. Statistical analysis: Using McNemar's test, a simple 2-by-2 table of agreement identified sex bias. Results: Sex-based disagreements were identified for 13 o f the 20 weight loss counseling practices and for 5 of the 9 barriers to change. Conclusions and Implications: A mult itude of assumptions can be made as to why a RD perceives a particular counseling practice as more effective for pro moting weight loss for one but not the other sex. We identified counselor sex differences for many counseling practices, as well as for perceived client barriers to change. Sex-biased barriers to change sometimes, but not always, supported sex-biased counseling practices.
doi:10.12966/hc.11.09.2013 fatcat:mg6ampxivjcfnm3pgnmdbqk7im