Cycloheximide induces expression of the human interferon beta 1 gene in mouse cells transformed by bovine papillomavirus-interferon beta 1 recombinants
Journal of Virology
Mouse cells transformed by a bovine papillomavirus recombinant vector containing the human interferon (IFN) 1I (IFN-PI) gene could be induced to produce human as well as mouse IFNs. The optimal conditions for induction of human IFN and of its mRNA in these transformants resembled those needed for mouse IFN: high concentrations of DEAE-dextran and low concentrations of polyriboinosinic acid-polyribocytidylic acid. Superinduction by inhibitors of protein synthesis which strongly stimulate IFN-P1
... y stimulate IFN-P1 induction in human cells had only a small effect on human IFN induction in bovine papillomavirus IFN-pltransformed mouse cells. In contrast, cycloheximide without double-stranded RNA could induce significant levels of human IFN in the bovine papillomavirus IFN-13 mouse transformants. After cycloheximide treatment, these cells contained IFN-P1 mRNA whose 5' ends originated in the authentic start site of the human IFN-P1 gene, as shown by S1 nuclease mapping. The transferred human gene, propagated extrachromosomally in the mouse cells, was, therefore, inducible under conditions different from those in human cells. The results also confirmed that the inhibitor of protein synthesis, cycloheximide, can induce expression of a human IFN gene.