How a Mound was built
SCIENCE follows the direction given it. The burning composition finally reaches the loose powder, anti the flirine is communicated throug.h a small hole in the bottom of the cylinder to the buLrsting chalige of powxler within the exploding chamber, the cylinder is thrown forward an(i exploded, andl the oil sprea(l upon the surface of the water." How a Mound was built. While exploring mounds in Ohio this season, under the direction of the National Bureau of Ethnology,' says Ir. Gerard Fowke in a
... . Gerard Fowke in a paper preparetl for i-/eLce, 4" I usetl great care in the examilation of one nmountl in Pike CouLntvy in ortler to ascertain, if possible, the exact metlhodI of its constructioln. "The mound was built upon the site of a house, which hatl probably been occupied by those whose skeletonis were fountl. The roof had been supported by side-posts, and at intervals by adtllitional inner posts. The oLuter posts were arranged in pairs a few inches apart, then an interval of about three feet, then two more, atnd so on1, They were all about eight inches in diameter, anld exten(ed fromn two and a half to tlhree feet itnto the grouLnd, except onie a few feet from the centre, vhich went down fully five feet. All the hloles were filledwith the loose dlark tlirt which results from dlecay of woodd a fewv contained fragments of charcoal, bui-nedI bones or stonie, but no ashes nior xvas thae suLrrounding earthl at all burnetl. Around the outside a trench from three to four feet w7tie, andI from eighteen to twetnty inches (leep, had been ducg, to carrv awvay the water whichi fell from the roof. Near the minclcle of this house, which measuredl about forty feet fronm sitle to sidle, a large fire hadl been kept burningr for several hours, the ashes being removetI frolm time to time. The ash-betI xvas elliptical in form, measuringT about thirteen feet fromii east to west, and five from north to south. U-nder the centre of it was a hole, tenl inches across andl a foot deep, filled with clean white ashes in which was a little charcoal, packecl very lhard. At the western end, on the south sidle (or farthest from the centre of the house), xvas a mass of burned animal bones, ashes antd charcoal. This was continuous wvith the ash-bed, though apparently not a'part of it. Phe bones wvere in small pieces, and were, no doubt, the remains of a funeral feast or offering.