Performance of a short tool to assess dietary intakes of fruits and vegetables, percentage energy from fat and fibre

Frances E Thompson, Douglas Midthune, Amy F Subar, Lisa L Kahle, Arthur Schatzkin, Victor Kipnis
2004 Public Health Nutrition  
Objectives: We describe the methods used to develop and score a 17-item 'screener' designed to estimate intake of fruit and vegetables, percentage energy from fat and fibre. The ability of this screener and a food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to measure these exposures is evaluated. Design: Using US national food consumption data, stepwise multiple regression was used to identify the foods to be included on the instrument; multiple regression analysis was used to develop scoring algorithms.
more » ... performance of the screener was evaluated in three different studies. Estimates of intakes measured by the screener and the FFQ were compared with true usual intake based on a measurement error model. Setting: US adult population. Subjects: For development of instrument, n ¼ 9323 adults. For testing of instrument, adult men and women in three studies completing multiple 24-hour dietary recalls, FFQ and screeners, n ¼ 484, 462 and 416, respectively. Results: Median recalled intakes for examined exposures were generally estimated closely by the screener. In the various validation studies, the correlations between screener estimates and estimated true intake were 0.5 -0.8. In general, the performances of the screener and the full FFQ were similar; estimates of attenuation were lower for screeners than for full FFQs. Conclusions: When coupled with appropriate reference data, the screener approach described may yield useful estimates of intake, for both surveillance and epidemiological purposes.
doi:10.1079/phn2004642 pmid:15548349 fatcat:n2xd5uxl6zh5dhent2mr2pn2bm