Nonlinear structures in electroencephalogram signals

L. Diambra, C.P. Malta, A. Capurro, J. Fernández
2001 Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications  
We apply a nonlinear prediction algorithm to investigate the presence of nonlinear structure in electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings. The EEG signal could be modeled as a realization of a nonlinear model plus a residual noise (uncorrelated Gaussian noise). Using linear and nonlinear models we analyze the statistical nature of these residual noises in the case of epileptic patients and normal subjects. We found that the residual noise presents Gaussian distribution for epileptic patients if a
more » ... nlinear model is used whereas in the case of normal subjects the residual noise will exhibit a Gaussian distribution only if a linear model (autoregressive) is used. These results provide another evidence of the nonlinear character of the epileptic seizure recordings, while the normal EEG seems to be better described as linearly correlated noise.
doi:10.1016/s0378-4371(01)00352-1 fatcat:qm42pgz7qrcjddizlf4u4jurrm