Comparison of Classification Algorithms and Training Sample Sizes in Urban Land Classification with Landsat Thematic Mapper Imagery

Congcong Li, Jie Wang, Lei Wang, Luanyun Hu, Peng Gong
2014 Remote Sensing  
Although a large number of new image classification algorithms have been developed, they are rarely tested with the same classification task. In this research, with the same Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) data set and the same classification scheme over Guangzhou City, China, we tested two unsupervised and 13 supervised classification algorithms, including a number of machine learning algorithms that became popular in remote sensing during the past 20 years. Our analysis focused primarily on the
more » ... pectral information provided by the TM data. We assessed all algorithms in a per-pixel classification decision experiment and all supervised algorithms in a segment-based experiment. We found that when sufficiently representative training samples were used, most algorithms performed reasonably well. Lack of training samples led to greater classification accuracy discrepancies than classification algorithms themselves. Some algorithms were more tolerable to insufficient (less representative) training samples than OPEN ACCESS Remote Sens. 2014, 6 965 others. Many algorithms improved the overall accuracy marginally with per-segment decision making.
doi:10.3390/rs6020964 fatcat:uwp2mg44snayplcpv76rzdzvii