Fahad Saleem et al FREQUENCY AND PROGNOSIS OF CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE IN DIALYSIS PATIENTS ATTENDING PUBLIC HOSPITALS IN PAKISTAN Fahad Saleem et al
Objective The current research was conducted to evaluate episodes of Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) among dialysis patients; it's frequency and prognosis in patients attending public healthcare institutes of Quetta city, Pakistan. Methods This is a multicenter cohort study conducted at two public healthcare institutes of Quetta city, Pakistan. Data of 117 patients for one year was screened from the official records and evaluated retrospectively to identify variables of interest. Data was
... st. Data was collected through a validated information sheet. SPSS v.20 was used for data analysis and data was described descriptively. Results All patients had End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) and were on regular maintenance hemodialysis therapy. Out of all selected patients, 7.7 % patients had Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, 4.3% patients had Ischemic Heart Disease, 78.6% had Left Ventricular Hypertrophy and 80.34% had Cardiomyopathy. Forty five patients (38.46%) were confirmed with CHF. Thirty seven (31.6%) of those had systolic dysfunction, 8 (6.8%) had diastolic dysfunction and 4 (3.4%) had both systolic and diastolic dysfunction. Additionally, 13 (28.9%) patients developed de novo CHF. Recurrence of CHF was observed in 26 patients (57.7%) whereas among the CHF group, eleven patients died during the study period presenting a mortality rate of 24% in CHF group (Table 5).