Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry, and Pharmacology ofOlea europaea(Olive)

Muhammad Ali Hashmi, Afsar Khan, Muhammad Hanif, Umar Farooq, Shagufta Perveen
<span title="">2015</span> <i title="Hindawi Limited"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine</a> </i> &nbsp;
Aim of the Review.To grasp the fragmented information available on the botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology ofOlea europaeato explore its therapeutic potential and future research opportunities.Material and Methods.All the available information onO. europaeawas collected via electronic search (using Pubmed, Scirus, Google Scholar, and Web of Science) and a library search.Results.Ethnomedical uses ofO. europaeaare recorded throughout the world where it has been
more &raquo; ... sed to treat various ailments. Phytochemical research had led to the isolation of flavonoids, secoiridoids, iridoids, flavanones, biophenols, triterpenes, benzoic acid derivatives, isochromans, and other classes of secondary metabolites fromO. europaea. The plant materials and isolated components have shown a wide spectrum ofin vitroandin vivopharmacological activities like antidiabetic, anticonvulsant, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, analgesic, antimicrobial, antiviral, antihypertensive, anticancer, antihyperglycemic, antinociceptive, gastroprotective, and wound healing activities.Conclusions. O. europaeaemerged as a good source of traditional medicine for the treatment of various ailments. The outcomes of phytochemical and pharmacological studies reported in this review will further expand its existing therapeutic potential and provide a convincing support to its future clinical use in modern medicine.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="">doi:10.1155/2015/541591</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmid:25802541</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmcid:PMC4352757</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:xwk2mf3bvzhspgnr5cv4huajoa</a> </span>
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