Global Identification and Characterization of BothO-GlcNAcylation and Phosphorylation at the Murine Synapse

Jonathan C. Trinidad, David T. Barkan, Brittany F. Gulledge, Agnes Thalhammer, Andrej Sali, Ralf Schoepfer, Alma L. Burlingame
2012 Molecular & Cellular Proteomics  
O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is a dynamic, reversible monosaccharide modifier of serine and threonine residues on intracellular protein domains. Crosstalk between O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation has been hypothesized. Here, we identified over 1750 and 16,500 sites of O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation from murine synaptosomes, respectively. In total, 135 (7%) of all O-GlcNAcylation sites were also found to be sites of phosphorylation. Although many proteins were extensively
more » ... horylated and minimally O-GlcNAcylated, proteins found to be extensively O-GlcNAcylated were almost always phosphorylated to a similar or greater extent, indicating the O-GlcNAcylation system is specifically targeting a subset of the proteome that is also phosphorylated. Both PTMs usually occur on disordered regions of protein structure, within which, the location of O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation is virtually random with respect to each other, suggesting that negative crosstalk at the structural level is not a common phenomenon. As a class, protein kinases are found to be more extensively O-GlcNAcylated than proteins in general, indicating the potential for crosstalk of phosphorylation with O-GlcNAcylation via regulation of enzymatic activity. Molecular & Cellular
doi:10.1074/mcp.o112.018366 pmid:22645316 pmcid:PMC3412957 fatcat:6eeypg3ejjbwdozeuusypzczru