Referee report. For: Government plans in the 2016 and 2021 Peruvian presidential elections: A natural language processing analysis of the health chapters [version 4; peer review: 1 approved]

Glen Dario Rodriguez Rafael
2022
While clinical medicine has exploded, electronic health records for Natural Language Processing (NLP) analyses, public health, and health policy research have not yet adopted these algorithms. We aimed to dissect the health chapters of the government plans of the 2016 and 2021 Peruvian presidential elections, and to compare different NLP algorithms. Methods: From the government plans (18 in 2016; 19 in 2021) we extracted each sentence from the health chapters. We used five NLP algorithms to
more » ... act keywords and phrases from each plan: Term Frequency-Inverse Document Frequency (TF-IDF), Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA), TextRank, Keywords Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers (KeyBERT), and Rapid Automatic Keywords Extraction (Rake). Results: In 2016 we analysed 630 sentences, whereas in 2021 there were 1,685 sentences. The TF-IDF algorithm showed that in 2016, 22 terms appeared with a frequency of 0.05 or greater, while in 2021 27 terms met this criterion. The LDA algorithm defined two groups. The first included terms related to things the population would receive (e.g., 'insurance'), while the second included terms about the health system (e.g., 'capacity'). In 2021, most of the government plans belonged to the second group. The TextRank analysis provided keywords showing that 'universal health coverage' appeared frequently in 2016, while in 2021 keywords about the COVID-19 pandemic were often found. The KeyBERT algorithm provided keywords based on the context of the text. These keywords identified
doi:10.21956/wellcomeopenres.19477.r48096 fatcat:732lhlszhnaize3xw2mogfegaa