Schema Provoke False Knowing Even When Schema-Consistent Targets Had Not Been Presented

Ryoma Yamada, Yukio Itsukushima, Tanjeem Azad, D. Stephen Lindsay
2014 International Journal of Psychological Studies  
Human memory is not always an accurate record of experienced events. Information that has never been experienced but is consistent with a relevant schema is sometimes mistaken as memory, giving rise to false memories. In this study, we focused on whether schema can provoke false memory for actions and for objects even when schema-consistent targets had not been presented. We presented schema-inconsistent actions and schema-inconsistent objects in a slide sequence depicting a kitchen. Later, we
more » ... dministered an old/new recognition test with remember/know judgments and Perception/Thought/Emotion/Context ratings for schema-inconsistent targets, schema-consistent distracters, and schema-inconsistent distracters. Both for the actions and the objects, participants more often falsely recognized schema-consistent distracters than schema-inconsistent distracters. That is, memory can be reconstructed along the scene schema, provoking false memory. However, these false memories were not typically accompanied by "remember" judgments but rather by "know" judgments. The similarity between schema-consistent targets and schema-consistent distracters is an essential factor for false recollection.
doi:10.5539/ijps.v6n3p62 fatcat:xuircmfncjeqzogcdgoy5whoxm