Blood cell and metabolic profile of Nellore bulls and their correlations with residual feed intake and feed conversion ratio

Miguel Henrique de Almeida Santana, Paulo Rossi Junior, Rodrigo de Almeida, Amanda Massaneira de Souza Schuntzemberger
2013 Revista Brasileira de Saúde e Produção Animal  
Due to the potential metabolic changes related to the residual feed intake (RFI), this study investigated the correlation of traditional RFI (RFI1), RFI adjusted for final rump fat thickness (RFI2) and feed conversion ratio (FCR) with the metabolic and blood profiles, as well as determined the possible different classes of RFI1 and RFI2. For this purpose, 46 Nellore bulls, 22 month-old and 411kg of weight at the beginning of the study were used. The animals were fed with the same diet for 84
more » ... s, and blood samples were collected every 21 days for evaluation of serum metabolites and blood cell profiles. No significant correlations were found between FCR and metabolic or blood traits, although there was a significant correlation between RFI1 and urea serum concentration. There were also differences between the RFI classes for creatinine, in which more efficient animals showed higher values. The RFI2 did not correlate with any metabolic and blood cell variable, but young bulls with smaller RFI2 had a smaller number of eosinophils when compared to animals with higher RFI2. These results suggest that animals with a high RFI can have greater energy expenditure due to protein synthesis and degradation process, resulting in a larger blood urea level.
doi:10.1590/s1519-99402013000300018 fatcat:32giayhq5zbtxgcx63el75bv5a