Memristive Devices from CuO Nanoparticles
Memristive systems can provide a novel strategy to conquer the von Neumann bottleneck by evaluating information where data are located in situ. To meet the rising of artificial neural network (ANN) demand, the implementation of memristor arrays capable of performing matrix multiplication requires highly reproducible devices with low variability and high reliability. Hence, we present an Ag/CuO/SiO2/p-Si heterostructure device that exhibits both resistive switching (RS) and negative differential
... resistance (NDR). The memristor device was fabricated on p-Si and Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) substrates via cost-effective ultra-spray pyrolysis (USP) method. The quality of CuO nanoparticles was recognized by studying Raman spectroscopy. The topology information was obtained by scanning electron microscopy. The resistive switching and negative differential resistance were measured from current–voltage characteristics. The results were then compared with the Ag/CuO/ITO device to understand the role of native oxide. The interface barrier and traps associated with the defects in the native silicon oxide limited the current in the negative cycle. The barrier confined the filament rupture and reduced the reset variability. Reset was primarily influenced by the filament rupture and detrapping in the native oxide that facilitated smooth reset and NDR in the device. The resistive switching originated from traps in the localized states of amorphous CuO. The set process was mainly dominated by the trap-controlled space-charge-limited; this led to a transition into a Poole–Frenkel conduction. This research opens up new possibilities to improve the switching parameters and promote the application of RS along with NDR.