An investigation of university students' internet and game addiction with respect to several variables

Özlem ÇAKIR, Tuncay AYAS, Mehmet Barış HORZUM
2011 Ankara Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi  
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether internet and game addiction of university students differ in regard to variables such as gender, grade, having computer and internet connection and game type which they prefer. The sample of this study consists of 996 students from Faculty of Educational Science at Ankara University and Education Faculty at Gazi University. In terms of gender variable, male students' internet and computer game addiction levels were significantly higher than
more » ... antly higher than females. It was found that there was no significant difference between internet and computer game addiction levels in terms of students' grade and game type variables. Students who have personal computers showed significantly higher levels of addiction to internet and computer game than those who don't have personal computers.The students who have internet connection showed significantly higher levels of addiction to internet and computer game than those who don't have internet connection in their homes. SUMMARY Purpose and Significance: In spite of the fact that computers provide convenience for people in many ways, their misuse may sometimes result in physiological and psychological damage on the users.Today people include computers in their lives to solve their questions easily.However, the over usage of them bring about internet and game addiction. Some researchers agreed that these types of addiction differentiate with gender, computer and internet ownership; on the other hand, some of the researchers disagree with this opinion. Because of the different findings in other culture research, this study aims to demonstrate whether game and internet addiction of university students vary according to specific variables such as gender, computer and internet ownership in Turkey. Method: The study was planned and conducted in compliance with the survey methods. Initially, "Computer Addiction Scale for Adolescents" was administered to 1100 university students studying at the Education Faculties of two different state universities, namely Ankara and Gazi, located in Ankara, but only 996 of the completed forms were found to be appropriate to be included in the analysis of the study. Therefore, the sample of the study consists of 996 university students. Results: First of all, the results of the study showed that the Internet and computer game addiction levels of male students were higher than that of female ones. It was found that there was no significant difference between internet and computer game addiction levels in terms of students' grade and game type variables. Students who have personal computers showed significantly higher levels of addiction to internet and computer game than students who don't have personal computers. Students who have internet connection showed significantly higher levels of addiction to internet and computer game than students who don't have internet connection in their homes. Discussion and Conclusions: The results of the study showed that male students have higher levels of internet and computer game addiction compared to female students. These findings are consistent with the research conducted by Chou and may result from students' awareness, usage aim and cultural gender role. In Turkey, male students have easier access to internet and computers compared to female students; therefore, this fact may have affected the results of the study which show that the male students are more addicted than female students. The second findings of this research support the idea that easy Internet access, Internet using skills, and time of Internet use result in internet addiction.
doi:10.1501/egifak_0000001226 fatcat:vbcdh6arqrhlfcgqytomqr4c3a