Nematic Phase Induced from Symmetrical Supramolecular H-Bonded Systems Based on Flexible Acid Core
New symmetrical 1:2 supramolecular H-bonded liquid crystals (SMHBLCs) interactions, A/2Bn, were formed between adipic acid and 4-(4′–pyridylazophenyl) 4″-alkoxybenzoates. Optical and mesomorphic behaviors of the prepared SMHBLC complexes were investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), polarizing optical microscopy (POM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). FT-IR spectroscopy was carried out to confirm the H-bond interactions of the prepared complexes via Fermi bands formation. Their
... formation. Their photo-physical properties were investigated by UV-spectroscopy and the observed absorbance values were found to be mainly dependent on the length of the terminal alkoxy chain. Mesomorphic behaviour for all A/2Bn complexes revealed that all complexes are dimorphic-exhibiting enantiotropic mesophases with induced nematic phases, except for the long chain terminal complex which exhibits only a monomorphic smectic A phase. In order to investigate the effect of mesogenic core geometry on the mesophase properties, a comparison was established between the mesomeric behaviors of the present complexes and previously reported rigid core acid complexes. Finally, the XRD pattern confirmed the POM and DSC results.