Carotid imaging changes and serum IL-1β, sICAM-1, and sVAP-1 levels in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

Xiaoxu Chen, Huimin Feng, Hongjin Liu, Xianrong Xu, Jianchang Wang, Zhanguo Jin
2020 Scientific Reports  
AbstractBenign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of vertigo. This study was performed to evaluate serum levels of inflammatory factors and changes in B-mode carotid ultrasound findings in patients with BPPV. The study population consisted of 90 BPPV patients and 90 age- and sex-matched controls. ELISA was used to compare the levels of inflammatory factors, such as interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1
more » ... hesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), prostaglandin-E2 (PG-E2), and soluble vascular adhesion protein-1 (sVAP-1), between BPPV patients and controls. In addition, the results of ultrasonographic imaging to determine carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT), carotid atheromatous plaque, and vertebral artery stenosis were also compared between the BPPV and control groups. Serum levels of IL-1β, sICAM-1, and sVAP-1 were significantly higher in BPPV patients than controls (P < 0.001, P < 0.05, and P < 0.001, respectively). C-IMT and vertebral artery stenosis were significantly different in BPPV patients compared to controls (both P < 0.05). There were no significant relations between other parameters and BPPV. IL-1β, sICAM-1, and sVAP-1 are potentially associated with the pathogenesis of BPPV, and C-ITM and carotid vertebral stenosis may be useful reference imaging findings for the diagnosis of BPPV.
doi:10.1038/s41598-020-78516-7 pmid:33299063 fatcat:lf2eh63o4vex5k5apmstmzt3xe