Two new fossil Cyclotella (Kutzing) Brebisson species from Lake Ohrid, Macedonia/Albania
Lake Ohrid is the oldest existing lake in Europe and it is known for its high diversity with around 200 endemic or relict diatom species recognized. In order to understand this phenomenon, a large project on deep drilling was performed and a core with maximum sediment depth of 569 m which spans > 1.2 million years was recovered. Two new species of Cyclotella were discovered in the core samples, which are described here as Cyclotella cavitata sp. nov. and Cyclotella sollevata sp. nov. The
... have been studied with light and scanning electron microscopes, their morphological features and their relevance to other members of the genus Cyclotella are discussed. Cyclotella cavitata sp. nov. is characterized by round to elliptical shape; elliptic and tangentially undulate central area with one to three papillae on the elevated side. Central fultoportulae are absent while marginal fultoportulae internally are located on slightly depressed costae, with short tube openings with two satellite pores surrounded by cowlings. Satellite pores are situated circumferentially. Internally the rimoportula is situated in the marginal area with a sessile labium. Cyclotella sollevata sp. nov. is characterized by round valves with convex or concave central area which is uneven, colliculate, with papillae and granules. Central fultoportulae are present with variable number (9-21), internally with short tube openings with two satellite pores, which are surrounded by cowlings; Internally marginal fultoportulae are located on depressed costae and have short tube openings with two satellite pores situated circumferentially, surrounded by cowlings. The rimoportulae are located in the marginal area with a sessile labium variably orientated. Cyclotella sollevata and Cyclotella cavitata have been observed only in the fossil sediments of Lake Ohrid. Comments on the position of rimoportula, used as synapomorphic character to separate Lindavia from Cyclotella sensu lato are provided.