Retinal Growth Hormone: An Autocrine/paracrine in the Developing Chick Retina

Wan-Ying Lin
2011
The developing chick retina is an extrapituitary site of growth hormone (GH) synthesis and action. GH, GH receptor (GHR) and their mRNAs are present in the neural retina when the neural cells are undergoing proliferation and differentiation during early embryogenesis. It is thus likely that GH acts as an autocrine or paracrine in this location. The present study shows that intra-vitreal injection of a chick GH (cGH) small interfering RNA (siRNA) into the eyes of early embryos [embryonic day
more » ... [embryonic day (ED) 4] suppresses GH expression in the neural retina and increases the incidence of spontaneous retinal cell death. Our current work also demonstrates a reduction of local IGF-1 expression after retinal GH gene knockdown, suggesting that GH action in retinal cells is regulated through IGF-1 signalling. These results demonstrate that retinal GH is an autocrine/paracrine hormone that acts as a neuroprotective factor in the retina of chick embryos.
doi:10.7939/r3zw6s fatcat:gxmgmuozfnck7hxigxmbbgs5ji