Assessment of Influence of Process Safety Culture on Employee Attitude towards Violations in Selected Petroleum Companies, in Niger-Delta

Akaninyene Edet Ekong, John N. Ugbebor, Bara K. Brown
2021 Journal of Scientific Research and Reports  
The study examined Influence of Process Safety Culture on Employee Attitude towards violations in Selected Petroleum Companies, Niger-Delta. A descriptive cross-sectional oilfields based study. Study utilized non-probability sampling method combining purposive, convenience and quota sampling techniques. Purposive sampling is centred on the intent or purpose of the study. The research was a descriptive cross-sectional study, the population was made up of a sample size of one thousand workers of
more » ... he processing unit of ten selected International Oil Companies (IOCs) and Local Oil Companies (LOCs) selected by convenience sample techniques. The study adopted Regression analysis for testing and modelling the research hypothesis. Before carrying out regression analysis, multicollinearity was checked to know if it is good fit for regression analysis on SPSS IBM 20 version. Outcome of the test shows that; regression analysis was acceptable because the Variance Inflation Factor (VIF) of the checked multicollinearity was 1.000 which means there was no awkward multicollinearity. This study adopted the 95% confidence level and 0.05 significance level. The study discovered that process safety culture influences employees' attitudes toward violations in Oil and Gas industries with positive coefficient of standardized coefficient(β) of 0.397 and p-value 0.000 less than the significance level 0.05 and t-statistics being 12.354. It is recommended that ways to motivate employees to adopt the safety habit should be adopted and may be done using the carrot and stick method propounded by Abraham Maslow. Management must learn to choose the most suitable approach to motivate employees to abide by the safety expectations of their organisation. Awards can be given at the end of every quarter to the most safety conscious employee or acts of recognition or even monetary rewards. For employees who do not obey safety rules when positively motivated, penalties, fines, punishment.
doi:10.9734/jsrr/2021/v27i630403 fatcat:7scrh2kihncwldleepe3hrycdq