Comparison of Nutritional Status of the Daejeon Metropolitan Citizens by Frequency of Eating Out

Yoonsuk Suh, Jihyun Kang, Hansook Kim, Young Jin Chung
2010 The Korean Journal of Nutrition  
This study aims at investigating the health and nutritional status of the adults according to frequency of eating out. One day food intake data were collected by 24 hr recall dietary survey and body size, blood pressure and some blood lipids and other constituents were measured on 137 Daejeon metropolitan citizens 20 yrs old and above who visited Chungnam National University Hospital for physical examination during the period of December 6, to December 15, 2008. The frequency of eating out were
more » ... of eating out were categorized into four levels: less than once a week, once a week, 2-3 times a week, 4 times a week and above. Body mass Index, waist circumference, blood pressure, blood lipid, blood glucose, GPT and GOT did not showed any significant difference according to the frequency of eating out of the subjects. Though, systolic blood pressures and serum levels of total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol showed a little tendency to be high in the subjects eating out 2-3 times a week. In the contrary, serum triglyceride level tended to be low in the same group. The subjects eating out 4 times a week and over took more total protein, animal protein, animal fat, phosphorus and vitamin B 2 than any other group. Also protein energy ratio was the highest in the group eating out 4 times a week and above and they took more animal food group, other food group, beverages·teas and alcohols than other groups eating out. These results showed that higher frequency of eating out leads to higher intake of protein, fat, phosphorus, animal food groups and other food groups (oils, beverages, seasonings) and to lower intake of vitamin C and plant food groups. It, thus, suggested that the strategy for restaurant business is required to provide the menu substituted animal food by more plant food. (Korean J Nutr 2010 ; 43(2) : 171 ~ 180) KEY WORDS: eating out frequency, nutritional status, Daejeon metropolitan city, adult, blood parameters, food and nutrient intake. 서 론 국가 경제 발전과 소득수준의 향상으로 소비지출에서 식 료품비가 차지하는 비율은 점차 감소하고 있으나, 생활 패 국민건강영양조사결과 섭취빈도가 높은 음식으 로 외식업체에서 제공하는 21개의 음식을 분석한 결과 2) 나 트륨 함량이 한국인영양섭취기준의 목표량인 1,500 mg 보 다 높았으며, 지방함량도 높았다고 하였다. 제육볶음, 김치 찌개, 자장면, 피자 등 일부 음식은 건강한 20~29세 성인 남자의 지방섭취기준을 지방 에너지비율 20%로 잡았을 때 이들 중 1가지 음식만으로도 상당부분 (38~70%)을 공급 하는 것으로 나타났다고 하였다. Chung et al 3) 은 19~64세 사이의 한국 성인을 대상으로 점심식사의 형태를 가정식, 상
doi:10.4163/kjn.2010.43.2.171 fatcat:5koupxaofbcsddg5gk2qcgmpha