Incremental Value of 2-Dimensional Longitudinal Radial and Circumferential Speckle Tracking Strain Imaging to Wall Motion Analysis for Detection of Coronary Artery Disease in Patients Undergoing Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography
The Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine
DSE is considered one of the good options in clinical practice but due to some limitations new promising modalities like speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) was introduced. STE is a new imaging technique that allows evaluation of global and regional myocardial function independently from the angle of acquisition and from cardiac translational movements. Objectives: Determine optimal cutoff values for longitudinal, radial and circumferential strains peak at DSE for detection of significant
... on of significant stenosis on CA. Also investigate incremental value of combining strain measurements to wall motion analysis. Methods: The study population comprised 100 patients (age 50 ±9 years) underwent high dose DSE, STE followed by CA. DSE and STE results were compared and added to each other and finally compared to CA result. Results: GLS cutoff points (-16.75%) showed significantly higher accuracy when compared to GCS and GRS, with highest balanced sensitivity and specificity to predict CAD. GLS, GRS and GCS reduced the DSE false positivity by 83%, 72.2% and 66.6% respectively. STE also showed better Agreement with CA than DSE in detecting coronary territorial affection especially LAD (Kappa= 0.775). Conclusions: STE is feasible during DSE, it helps increasing the diagnostic accuracy of DSE and decreasing its false positivity. Both global and segmental longitudinal strain can offer accurate, feasible and non invasive assessment of CAD.