VeriSFQ - A Semi-formal Verification Framework and Benchmark for Single Flux Quantum Technology [article]

Alvin D. Wong, Kevin Su, Hang Sun, Arash Fayyazi, Massoud Pedram, and Shahin Nazarian
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we propose a semi-formal verification framework for single-flux quantum (SFQ) circuits called VeriSFQ, using the Universal Verification Methodology (UVM) standard. The considered SFQ technology is superconducting digital electronic devices that operate at cryogenic temperatures with active circuit elements called the Josephson junction, which operate at high switching speeds and low switching energy - allowing SFQ circuits to operate at frequencies over 300 gigahertz. Due to key
more » ... ifferences between SFQ and CMOS logic, verification techniques for the former are not as advanced as the latter. Thus, it is crucial to develop efficient verification techniques as the complexity of SFQ circuits scales. The VeriSFQ framework focuses on verifying the key circuit and gate-level properties of SFQ logic: fanout, gate-level pipeline, path balancing, and input-to-output latency. The combinational circuits considered in analyzing the performance of VeriSFQ are: Kogge-Stone adders (KSA), array multipliers, integer dividers, and select ISCAS'85 combinational benchmark circuits. Methods of introducing bugs into SFQ circuit designs for verification detection were experimented with - including stuck-at faults, fanout errors, unbalanced paths, and functional bugs like incorrect logic gates. In addition, we propose an SFQ verification benchmark consisting of combinational SFQ circuits that exemplify SFQ logic properties and present the performance of the VeriSFQ framework on these benchmark circuits. The portability and reusability of the UVM standard allows the VeriSFQ framework to serve as a foundation for future SFQ semi-formal verification techniques.
arXiv:1903.07025v1 fatcat:fzicutxsprfidchettmpmvkk4a