A Chinese hamster transcription start site atlas that enables targeted editing of CHO cells [article]

Isaac S. Shamie, Sascha H. Duttke, Karen J. la Cour Karottki, Claudia Z. Han, Anders H. Hansen, Hooman Hefzi, Kai Xiong, Shangzhong Li, Sam Roth, Jenhan Tao, Gyun Min Lee, Christopher K. Glass (+3 others)
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, with their human-compatible glycosylation and high protein titers, are the most widely used cells for producing biopharmaceuticals. Engineering gene expression in CHO is key to improving drug quality and affordability. However, engineering gene expression or activating silent genes requires accurate annotation of the underlying regulatory elements and transcription start sites (TSSs). Unfortunately, most TSSs in the Chinese hamster genome were computationally
more » ... redicted and are frequently inaccurate. Here, we revised TSS annotations for 15,308 Chinese hamster genes and 4,478 non-coding RNAs based on experimental data from CHO-K1 cells and 10 hamster tissues. The experimental realignment and discovery of TSSs now expose previously hidden motifs, such as the TATA box. We further demonstrate, by targeting the glycosyltransferase gene Mgat3, how accurate annotations readily facilitate activating silent genes by CRISPRa to obtain more human-like glycosylation. Together, we envision our annotation and data will provide a rich resource for the CHO community, improve genome engineering efforts and aid comparative and evolutionary studies.
doi:10.1101/2020.10.09.334045 fatcat:yuvaxl56ibfgnfychuj37fx4mu