Factorization Machines for Data with Implicit Feedback [article]

Babak Loni, Martha Larson, Alan Hanjalic
2018 arXiv   pre-print
In this work, we propose FM-Pair, an adaptation of Factorization Machines with a pairwise loss function, making them effective for datasets with implicit feedback. The optimization model in FM-Pair is based on the BPR (Bayesian Personalized Ranking) criterion, which is a well-established pairwise optimization model. FM-Pair retains the advantages of FMs on generality, expressiveness and performance and yet it can be used for datasets with implicit feedback. We also propose how to apply FM-Pair
more » ... ffectively on two collaborative filtering problems, namely, context-aware recommendation and cross-domain collaborative filtering. By performing experiments on different datasets with explicit or implicit feedback we empirically show that in most of the tested datasets, FM-Pair beats state-of-the-art learning-to-rank methods such as BPR-MF (BPR with Matrix Factorization model). We also show that FM-Pair is significantly more effective for ranking, compared to the standard FMs model. Moreover, we show that FM-Pair can utilize context or cross-domain information effectively as the accuracy of recommendations would always improve with the right auxiliary features. Finally we show that FM-Pair has a linear time complexity and scales linearly by exploiting additional features.
arXiv:1812.08254v1 fatcat:krbtdxyx6jeghho3ijchwvpj4a