Variational Autoencoder-Based Multiple Image Captioning Using a Caption Attention Map

Boeun Kim, Saim Shin, Hyedong Jung
2019 Applied Sciences  
Image captioning is a promising research topic that is applicable to services that search for desired content in a large amount of video data and a situation explanation service for visually impaired people. Previous research on image captioning has been focused on generating one caption per image. However, to increase usability in applications, it is necessary to generate several different captions that contain various representations for an image. We propose a method to generate multiple
more » ... ons using a variational autoencoder, which is one of the generative models. Because an image feature plays an important role when generating captions, a method to extract a Caption Attention Map (CAM) of the image is proposed, and CAMs are projected to a latent distribution. In addition, methods for the evaluation of multiple image captioning tasks are proposed that have not yet been actively researched. The proposed model outperforms in the aspect of diversity compared with the base model when the accuracy is comparable. Moreover, it is verified that the model using CAM generates detailed captions describing various content in the image.
doi:10.3390/app9132699 fatcat:5eqct5befzgmnfunvfzu7umkh4