Picture semantic similarity search based on bipartite network of picture-tag type

Mingxi Zhang, Liuqian Yang, Yipeng Dong, Jinhua Wang, Qinghan Zhang, Haroldo V. Ribeiro
2021 PLoS ONE  
Searching similar pictures for a given picture is an important task in numerous applications, including image recommendation system, image classification and image retrieval. Previous studies mainly focused on the similarities of content, which measures similarities based on visual features, such as color and shape, and few of them pay enough attention to semantics. In this paper, we propose a link-based semantic similarity search method, namely PictureSim, for effectively searching similar
more » ... ures by building a picture-tag network. The picture-tag network is built by "description" relationships between pictures and tags, in which tags and pictures are treated as nodes, and relationships between pictures and tags are regarded as edges. Then we design a TF-IDF-based model to removes the noisy links, so the traverses of these links can be reduced. We observe that "similar pictures contain similar tags, and similar tags describe similar pictures", which is consistent with the intuition of the SimRank. Consequently, we utilize the SimRank algorithm to compute the similarity scores between pictures. Compared with content-based methods, PictureSim could effectively search similar pictures semantically. Extensive experiments on real datasets to demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of the PictureSim.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0259028 pmid:34723985 pmcid:PMC8559930 fatcat:p5obugcwbvblhd7hlbarvrv22y