Ductile Tungsten

W. D. Coolidge
1910 Transactions of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers  
When work was first started on the problem of producing a ductile form of tungsten, the metal looked very uncompromising. It was so hard that it could not be filed without detriment to the file, and was, at ordinary temperatures, very brittle. It was of course known from the start that, at the operating temperature of a tungsten lamp, the metal was soft; but this fact seemed unavailing, for there was no tool that could be used for working the metal at such temperatures, and materials
doi:10.1109/t-aiee.1910.4764659 fatcat:llzkgbydmrctxc6nx5emuifnrm