SGPNet: A Three-Dimensional Multitask Residual Framework for Segmentation and IDH Genotype Prediction of Gliomas
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
Glioma is the main type of malignant brain tumor in adults, and the status of isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutation highly affects the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of gliomas. Radiographic medical imaging provides a noninvasive platform for sampling both inter and intralesion heterogeneity of gliomas, and previous research has shown that the IDH genotype can be predicted from the fusion of multimodality radiology images. The features of medical images and IDH genotype are vital for
... e are vital for medical treatment; however, it still lacks a multitask framework for the segmentation of the lesion areas of gliomas and the prediction of IDH genotype. In this paper, we propose a novel three-dimensional (3D) multitask deep learning model for segmentation and genotype prediction (SGPNet). The residual units are also introduced into the SGPNet that allows the output blocks to extract hierarchical features for different tasks and facilitate the information propagation. Our model reduces 26.6% classification error rates comparing with previous models on the datasets of Multimodal Brain Tumor Segmentation Challenge (BRATS) 2020 and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) gliomas' databases. Furthermore, we first practically investigate the influence of lesion areas on the performance of IDH genotype prediction by setting different groups of learning targets. The experimental results indicate that the information of lesion areas is more important for the IDH genotype prediction. Our framework is effective and generalizable, which can serve as a highly automated tool to be applied in clinical decision making.