Demographic Profile and Clinical Features of Admitted HIV Positive Patients and their Correlation with CD4 Counts in a North India Tertiary Care Hospital

Satish Sachdeva, Lovleen Bhatia, Manpreet Kapoor, Satinder Pal Kaur, Tarvinderjit Khurana, Saruchi Garg
2016 Annals of International medical and Dental Research  
HIV Infections continues to be a burden globally and presents serious public health problems in the developing countries, especially in India. Aims and objectives: To study the demographic profile and clinical features of HIV positive admitted patients and to evaluate the correlation of clinical features with their CD4 counts. Methods: The present study was conducted to assess the socio-demographic profile and clinical features of 150 HIV+ve /AIDS patients admitted in various wards For these
more » ... wards For these patients a preformed questionnaire was prepared to enquire about socio-demographic characteristics such as age, sex, literacy status, marital status, occupation and socio-economic status. Thorough clinical examination was performed and correlation of clinical features with CD4 counts was evaluated using Pearson Coefficient of correlation. Results: The results of study showed that the most common age group affected was 26-45 years (56%). Male patients were 69.3% and females constituted 30.7%. Most common mode of transmission was heterosexual (73.3%), followed by intravenous drug abuse (6.7%), unsafe injections/needle stick injury (4.6%), blood transfusion (2.7%), 8% were both HS and IDU and transmission was unknown in 2.7%. The common presenting symptoms in admitted HIV patients were fever (71.3%), weight loss (50%), night sweats (39.3%), dry cough (36%), anaemia (32%), cough with expectoration (26%), lymphadenopathy (24%), shortness of breath (22%), chest pain (20.7%),diarrhoea (15.3%) and mouth ulcers (8.7%). Others were, headache (10.7%), haemoptysis (10%), icterus (6.7%), change of voice (4%), altered sensorium (14%) and neurological deficit (7.3%). 16 patients had pulmonary and 13 had extra pulmonary tuberculosis. It was also found that most patients (52%) had CD4 count in range of 200-500, with mean CD4 count of 282.61 + 14.31 cells/cmm at time of presentation. The frequency of these symptoms increased with fall in CD4 count indicating negative correlation. Conclusion: A thorough knowledge of the demographical & clinical profile of admitted patients will go a long way in managing resources and planning management of these patients. This will serve as a great step in achieving zero deaths as envisaged by NACO.
doi:10.21276/aimdr.2016.2.6.me12 fatcat:g5773uaqgzdi7izkq2tltao2a4